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Q.1) What does Menopausal  Syndrome mean?

Ans :  Menopausal Syndrome means cessation of menstruation. A woman is usually considered to be menopausal if she has not had a menstrual period for 6 months and there is no other under lying cause.

Menopausal syndrome includes symptoms associated with the normal changes that take place in a woman's body as her period of fertility ends.
 

Q.2) Whom does it affect the most?

Ans: It affects most commonly the age-group between 45 to 55 of both sexes.

  

Q.3) How does Menopausal Syndrome progress?
Ans: Menopause, is a normal consequence of the ageing process. 
Ovaries gradually become less active and produce smaller amounts 
of estrogen and progesterone. More then 8 in 10 women experience mild problems or none at all, but some women have severe symptoms.
  
Q.4)What are the symptoms of Menopausal Syndrome?
Ans: The symptoms are
  • Hot flushes: head, chest, and arms become red and feel hot, lasting from a couple of minutes to as long as an hour.
  • Heavy sweating,.
  • Feelings of anxiety, panic, or depression
  • Drying and wrinkling of the skin.
  • Vaginal dryness and discomfort 
  • Urinary stress incontinence
  • Cystitis like symptoms 
  • Insomnia
  • Irritability
  • Memory loss.
  
Q.5) What are the related signs?
Ans: The related signs are
  • Vaginal atrophy.
  • Osteoporosis
  
Q.6)What investigations are done?
Ans: The tests conducted are
  • FSH levels
  • Estradiol levels
  • LH levels
  • Endometrial biopsy
  
Q.7) What are the treatment measures?
Ans: Generally followed measures are 
  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in the form of pills, implants under the skin and skin patches. 
  • Estrogen creams
  • Combination therapy
  • Calcium tablets
  • Symptomatic treatment
   
Q.8) What is the follow-up of Menopausal Syndrome ?
Ans: Follow-up is especially recommended for people on HRT.
  • Regular check on BP
  • Regular clinical breast examination
  • Regular mammograms. 
  • Endometrial biopsy in case of abnormal bleeding.
   
Q.9) Important things one should know about Menopausal Syndrome ?
Ans: One needs to follow a regular weight bearing exercise regime and regular breast self-examination, especially, patients on HRT.
   

 

 

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